The largest recorded hailstone in U.S. history fell
on July 23, 2010, in Vivian, South Dakota, measuring
8 inches in diameter and weighing 1.94 pounds.
The prized stone is now on ice at the National
Center of Atmospheric Research in Boulder,
Colorado. The previous record hailstone fell in
Aurora, Nebraska, on June 22, 2003, and measured
7 inches in diameter and weighed 1.67 pounds
National Hail Statistics
According to a May 2016 National Insurance Crime Bureau report, Colorado had the second highest number of hail claims in the US from 2013-2015 (182,591), second only to Texas. Texas was the top state in hail loss claims from 2013 through 2015 with 394,572 hail claims. The top 10 states represented 66 percent of the total number of hail claims duing this timeframe.
"Personal Property Homeowners" was the policy type most affected by hail loss claims from 2013 through 2015 - over 50 percent more often than the next most impacted policy type, "Personal Automobile", in hail loss claims over that three-year span.
The nation has experienced severe storms (wind, tornado, hail) that are occurring with more intensity and affecting more areas of the country. While scientists debate why these storms occur, no one argues with their effects—extensive property damage and, many times, loss of life. The property damage can be as minimal as a few broken shingles to total destruction of buildings.
There were 5,412 major hail storms in 2015, according to statistics culled from NOAA's Severe Storms database, with the largest number of severe hail storms occurring in June (1,324 storms). During the past five years, claims related to wind and hail damage on a national basis accounted for almost 40 percent of all insured losses, averaging approximately $15 billion annually; and growing each year.
The United States experienced the largest insured loss event of 2014 - a spate of severe stoms with hail across five days in May struck from Colorado to Pennsylvania, causing insured losses of $2.9 billion.
Colorado Hail Statistics
Colorado's damaging hail season is considered
to be from mid-April to mid-August. Colorado's
Front Range is located in the heart of "Hail Alley," which receives the highest frequency of large
hail in North America and most of the world, so residents usually can count on three or four catastrophic (defined as at least $25 million in insured damage) hailstorms every year. In the last 10 years, hailstorms have caused more than $3 billion in insured damage in Colorado. As a result, up to one-half of your homeowners insurance premium may be going toward hail and wind damage costs. If you carry comprehensive coverage on your auto policy, hail damage is covered by almost all insurance companies. Comprehensive insurance is optional, but if you live in a hail prone area, the insurance industry recommends this coverage.
Colorado's Most Costly Hail Storms
With the exception of the May 22, 2008, Windsor tornado and the hail storm that hit Pueblo on July 29, 2009, Colorado's ten most costly hail storms were centered in the Denver Metro area (which makes sense, because that's where the largest concentration of property in the state is located).
Cost When Occurred
July 20, 2009
July 11, 1990
June 6-15, 2009
July 28, 2016
June 6-7, 2012
CO Front Range
June 13-14, 1984
July 29, 2009
September 29, 2014
May 22, 2008
July 13, 2011
CO Front Range
*2015 estimated cost calculations based on the Consumer Price Index.
New Mexico Hail Statistics
Tornadoes and hail resulted in $16.5 million dollars in insured damage around Clovis, Roswell and Logan March 23, 2007.
In September 2006, hail caused $10 million in insured losses in and around Las Cruces.
May 10, 2005, Hobbs, New Mexico's hailstorm caused approximately $21 million in insured losses.
In June 2005, Lovington, New Mexico experienced $13.7 million in claims resulting from hail.
In early Ocober 2007, Albuquerque experienced $40 million in insurance claims due to hail.
What to Do After a Hail Storm
First, if a hail storm strikes, don't go out in the storm to try to protect your
property. You could be injured.
Check trees, shrubs and plants around your house. If they are stripped
of their foliage, there is a possibility that your roof is damaged. You
also check for roof damage if patio covers, screens or soft
vents are dented.
Check your car for dents and broken or cracked glass.
Protect your property from further damage.
If you find signs that hail has battered your property, take immediate steps to protect it from further damage.
Cover any broken windows and holes in your roof so that no water can enter and damage your home's interior.
Cover any broken glass in your car to prevent damage to the interior from rain and remove glass from the car's interior to prevent cuts in upholstery and carpet.
File your claim
Call your agent or company as soon as you notice damage. Practically all homeowners policies cover hail damage. You car will be covered if you've purchased comprehensive coverage.
If your agent or company requests you to do so, follow up your call with a written explanation of what happened.
Save receipts for what you spend and submit them to your insurance company for reimbursement.
Select a repair company.
After an insurance adjuster has surveyed the hail damage to your property, select a reputable roofing company or auto body shop to make repairs.
Allow only the insurance adjuster and roofer you have selected to get up on your roof. Each time someone walks on it, more damage can occur.
Be wary of out-of-town roofers who move into an area and set up shop following a storm. While most of these firms are reputable, some have collected money from homeowners and moved on to the next storm site without paying suppliers or leaving work unfinished. This can leave homeowners holding the bag for those additional costs. It's a good idea to select a company with established credibility and local references. Word of mouth is still your best guide.
Be sure roofers have workers compensation and liability insurance. If they don't, you may be held liable if one of the workers is injured or if they damage a neighbor's property.
Don't make final payment to the roofing company until your roof has been inspected and you are satisfied.
Use hail resistive roofing materials.
When building a new home or replacing your roof consider using hail-resistive roofing products. The insurance industry has an Underwriters Laboratory standard ranking, the UL 2218 standard. The standard has four impact-level designations that will help you compare products. Roof coverings that show the most resistance earn a Class 4 rating; the least, a Class 1 rating.
Impact-resistant Roofs: Smart Steps to Reduce Hailstorm Damage is a free, online learning experience that consists of four self-paced learning modules. It teaches homeowners and other consumers about the benefits of installing impact-resistant residential roofing products. Click here for more information.